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This Chapter contains full text of The Factories Act 1948 and Forms with respect to this The Factories Act 1948.


Objective and Applicability of the Factories Act – The main objective of the Factories Act, 1948 is to ensure a safe environment for the persons working inside a factory. The Act is applicable to any premises involved in manufacturing process engaging 10 or more people with the aid of power or 20 or more people without the aid of power.

Prohibition of Children in the Factory – No person below the age of 14 can be allowed to work in the factory. Any person between the ages of 14-18 years working in the factory has to carry a certificate of fitness and cannot work for more than 4 and half hours excluding in night shift.


Working Hours in the Factory – A person can work up to 48 hours in a week and not more than 9 hours daily. Upon completion of 5 hours of continuous work, 30 minutes break is to be given to the person working. Women cannot work in a factory between 7 PM to 6 AM.

Overtime Wages – Overtime wages should be double of the normal rate of wages.

Leave with Wages – A person is entitled to 1 day leave per 20 days of work, provided he worked for 240 days in a year. Up to 30 days leave can be accumulated under the Factories Act, 1948.

Basic Facilities and Safety Measures – The employer shall ensure in such a way that sufficient safety measure is provided to the workers while working with machines. Basic hygiene facilities like cleanliness, drinking water, ventilation, proper lighting, dust control, washing facility, first aid, canteen, crèches, shelters, labour office etc. are essential in a factory.

Penal Provisions – The maximum punishment for any kind of violation of the provisions of the Factories Act, 1948 and Rules framed thereunder is 2 years of imprisonment or fine up to Rs.1,00,000/-

In order to understand more details of the Factories Act, 1948 feel free to contact a Labour Law Advocate in Kolkata near you.

The Factories Act, 1948 The Factories Act, 1948
The Factories (Amendment) Bill, 2014 The Factories (Amendment) Bill, 2014
Form 1 (Prescribed Under Rule 3) Application For Permission To Construct, Extend Or Take Into Use Any Building As A Factory
Form 2 (Prescribed Under Rule 4 And 12 ) Application For Registration And Grant Of Amendment Of Licence And Notice Of Occupation
Form 3 (Prescribed Under Rule No. 3 (4)) Certificate Of Stability
Form 4 (Prescribed Under Rule 5) Licence To Work A Factory
Form 5 (Prescribed Under Rule 14) Certificate Of Fitness For Young Person
 Form 6 (Prescribed Under Rule 22) Humidity Register
 Form 7 (Prescribed Under Rule 15) Record Of Lime Washing, Painting, Etc
 Form 8 (Prescribed Under Rule 74) Report Of Examination Or Test Of Pressure Vessels Or Plant
Form 9(Prescribed Under Rule 103) Register Of Compensatory Holidays
Form No. 10 (Prescribed Under Rule 10) Overtime, Register For Exempted Workers
Form No. 11(Prescribed Under Rule 106) Notice Of Periods Of Work For Adult Workers
Form No. 12 (Specified Under Rule 107) Register Of Adult Workers
Form No. 13(Prescribed Under Rule 112) Notice Of Periods Of Work For Child Workers
Form No. 14 (Prescribed Under Rule 113) Register Of Child Workers
Form No. 15(Prescribed Under Rule 114) Register Of Leave With Wages
Form No. 16(Prescribed Under Rule 115) Leave Book
Form No. 17 (Prescribed Under Rule 14) Health Register
Form No. 18 (Prescribed Under Rule 123) Report Of Accident Including Dangerous Occurrence Resulting In Death Or Bodily Injury
Form No. 18 A(Prescribed Under Rule 123 (4)) Report Of Dangerous Occurrence Which Does Not Result In Bodily Injury
Form No. 19 Notice Of Poisoning Or Disease
Form No. 20 (Prescribed Under Rule 126) ABSTRACT OF THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948 AND THE KERALA FACTORIES RULES, 1957
Form No. 21 (Prescribed Under Rule 127) Annual Return
Form No. 22 (Prescribed Under Rule 127) Half Yearly Return
Form No. 23 (Prescribed Under Rule 12A) Notice Of Change Of Manager
Form No. 25 (Prescribed Under Rule 130) Muster Roll
Form No. 26 (Prescribed Under Rule 131) Register Of Accidents, Major Accidents Dangerous Occurrences
Form 27 (Prescribed Under Rule 122) Certificate Of Fitness For Employment In Hazardous Processes/Dangerous Operations
Form No. 28(Prescribed Under Rule 115 (3)) Attendance Card
Form No. 29(Prescribed Under Rule 81 A) Certificate Of Fitness For Employment In Hazardous Processes And Operations
Form No. 31(Prescribed Under Rule 129 A Schedule)  Register Containing Particulars Of Monitoring Of Working Environment Required Under Section 7-A (2) (E)
Form No. 32(Prescribed Under Rule 127 93(3)) Details Of Closure
Form No. 33 (Prescribed Under Rule 132) Form No. 33 (Prescribed Under Rule 132)
Form No. 34 (Prescribed Under Rule 22 (1)) Register Of Workers Employed For Work On Or Near Moving Machine
Form No. 35(Prescribed Under Rule 132 And 133) Particulars Of Rooms In The Factory
Form No. 36 (Prescribed Under Rule 119) Nomination For Payment Of Wages In Lieu Of The Quantum Of Leave To Which He Was Entitled In The Event Of Death Of Worker.
Form No. 37 (Prescribed Under Rule 74 – A) Register Of Examination Of Gasholders
Form No. 38(Prescribed Under Rule 74 – A) Report Of Examination Of Water-Sealed Gasholder
Form No. 39 (Prescribed Under Rule 122) Certificate Of Fitness For Dangerous Operations
Form No. 40 (Prescribed Under Rule 122) Test Report ……………………….. Dust Extraction System
Form No. 41(Prescribed Under Rule 72) Report Of Examination Of Hoists And Lift
Form No. 42 (Prescribed Under Rule 122) Certificate Of Fitness
Form No. 43 (Prescribed Under Sub-Rule (4) Of Rules 81G) Form No. 43 (Prescribed Under Sub-Rule (4) Of Rules 81G)

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